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    聯合國可持續發展目標

    文章來源: 文章類型: 內容分類:

      2030可持續發展議程

     

    2015年9月25日,世界領導人將齊聚聯合國紐約總部召開可持續發展峰會,正式通過2030年可持續發展議程。

    2030年發展議程包含17個可持續發展目標,指導2015到2030年間發展工作的政策制定和資金使用,并做出徹底消除貧困的歷史性承諾。

    可持續發展目標的概念誕生于2012年的聯合國“里約+20”可持續發展會議,會議旨在設立一系列普遍適用的目標,協調環境、社會及經濟三方面的可持續發展。

    千年發展目標為消除極度貧困和饑餓、預防可治愈的疾病、普及初等教育及其他發展工作設立了一系列可衡量的且為各國所認可的目標。

    對于數百萬人來說,發展目標仍未實現,世界必須走上可持續發展道路,可持續發展目標為此設立的期限是2030年。

    新的可持續發展議程將適用于世界上所有國家,促進和平、包容的社會,創造更好的就業機會,應對嚴峻的環境挑戰,尤其是氣候挑戰。

     

      17個可持續發展目標

     


    17個可持續發展目標旨在轉向可持續發展道路,解決社會、經濟和環境三個維度的發展問題,具體包括:

    • 消除貧困
    • 消除饑餓
    • 良好健康與福祉
    • 優質教育
    • 性別平等
    • 清潔飲水與衛生設施
    • 廉價和清潔能源
    • 體面工作和經濟增長
    • 工業、創新和基礎設施
    • 縮小差距
    • 可持續城市和社區
    • 負責任的消費和生產
    • 氣候行動
    • 水下生物
    • 陸地生物
    • 和平、正義與強大機構
    • 促進目標實現的伙伴關系。

     

    可持續發展是中國的基本國策



    中國是世界上最大的發展中國家,始終堅持發展是第一要務,并將可持續發展作為基本國策。中國政府全面參與了制定可持續發展議程的政府間談判,并且在2016年3月發布的“ 十三五”規劃綱要中承諾要積極落實可持續發展議程。

    中國已經提出創新、協調、綠色、開放、共享五大發展理念,同可持續發展議程倡導的統籌經濟、社會、環境發展,兼顧人類、地球、繁榮、和平、伙伴關系的總體要求相融相通。”

    為了把落實可持續發展議程與中國的改革發展事業相結合,中國政府制定了一系列的具體發展戰略,包括《國家創新驅動發展戰略綱要》、《全國農業可持續發展規劃(2015-2030年)》、《“健康中國2030”規劃綱要》、《中國生物多樣性保護戰略與行動計劃(2015-2030年)》、《國家應對氣候變化規劃(2014-2020年)》等。

    中國為執行17項可持續發展目標及其169項具體目標,將任務進行了分解,責任分配到具體部門。此外,中國政府重視未來五年落實可持續發展議程的這一早期關鍵階段,并確定了未來五年的一系列發展目標,包括到2020年幫助5500萬農村貧困人口全部脫貧;使國內生產總值和城鄉居民人均收入比2010年翻一番;新增城鎮就業人口超過5000萬,改造城鎮棚戶區住房2000萬套,使單位GDP能源消耗降低15%,單位GDP二氧化碳排放量降低18%等。

    中國在可持續發展議程的框架下大力推進南南合作。中國-聯合國和平與發展基金已經設立并將于年內啟動項目運作;南南合作發展學院已經于今年4月掛牌成立并啟動招生,將為其他發展中國家提供博士、碩士學位教育和短期培訓。此外,中國已經開始在減貧、農業、促貿援助、生態保護、醫療、環境和教育領域實施向發展中國家提供支持的“六個100項目”。

    中國作為今年二十國集團的主席國,首次將發展問題置于二十國集團議程的核心,并倡議二十國集團圍繞落實可持續發展議程制定行動計劃。

     

    資料來源:聯合國開發計劃署網站

           中國外交部網站


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